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Unrestricted women's suffrage in terms of voting rights (women were not initially permitted to stand for election) was adopted in New Zealand in 1893.Following a successful movement led by Kate Sheppard, the women's suffrage bill was adopted weeks before the general election of that year.Extended political campaigns by women and their supporters have generally been necessary to gain legislation or constitutional amendments for women's suffrage.In many countries, limited suffrage for women was granted before universal suffrage for men; for instance, literate women or property owners were granted suffrage before all men received it.Women elders voted on hereditary male chiefs and could depose them.The emergence of modern democracy generally began with male citizens obtaining the right to vote in advance of female citizens, except in the Kingdom of Hawai'i, where universal manhood and women's suffrage was introduced in 1840; however, a constitutional amendment in 1852 rescinded female voting and put property qualifications on male voting.But the vote was much more than simply a reward for war work; the point was that women's participation in the war helped to dispel the fears that surrounded women's entry into the public arena.

The last Latin American country to give women the right to vote was Paraguay in 1961.The women of the British protectorate of Cook Islands obtained the same right soon after and beat New Zealand's women to the polls in 1893.The Commonwealth of Australia federated in 1901, with women voting and standing for office in some states.This occurred under British rule in the Massachusetts Colony.The female descendants of the Bounty mutineers who lived on Pitcairn Islands could vote from 1838.Women's suffrage (also known as female suffrage, woman suffrage or women's right to vote) is the right of women to vote in elections. National and international organizations formed to coordinate efforts to gain voting rights, especially the International Woman Suffrage Alliance (founded in 1904, Berlin, Germany), and also worked for equal civil rights for women.


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